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Have you ever really thought about what goes into a good cup of coffee? If you are anything like me you probably havent, for the simply reason you are too engrossed unwinding and enjoying the rich aroma and taste to bother with any of the technical side of the brew. The deepest I have ever gone when I have a cup of the rich umber beverage in my hand is to let my mind drift off with the floating steam.The information on the wrapper might tell you a bit about the beans you...

The Great Coffee Beverage.. Some History And What Really Goes Into It.

The Great Coffee Beverage.. Some History And What Really Goes Into It.Have you ever really thought about what goes into a good cup of coffee? If you are anything like me you probably havent, for the simply reason you are too engrossed unwinding and enjoying the rich aroma and taste to bother with any of the technical side of the brew. The deepest I have ever gone when I have a cup of the rich umber beverage in my hand is to let my mind drift off with the floating steam.The information on the wrapper might tell you a bit about the beans youre drinking but believe me there is so much more to the story of how coffee drinking came to be so popular the world over. The history behind this little roasted and ground bean is fascinating. From the pre-Columbian tribes to the modern drive-thru and Starbucks cafes, coffee has grown from a simple discovery to total sophistication.One of the little know facts about coffee is that is was first discovered by the South American Indians well before the discovery of the New World. Its stimulating properties were soon recognised as it helped the tribes people to deal with the high altitudes, and for this alone it became very popular. Then after the Spanish Conquistadores arrived the green seeds (commonly but incorrectly called coffee beans) found their way into western history and the coffee culture was extended across the globe.When the Spanish came to the New World, they were searching for cities of gold but instead they discovered other abundant resources and new products that they could trade with the whole of Europe. Chocolate and tobacco as well as coffee rapidly became sort after and famous throughout the continent.History tells us that the first cafeteria was opened in 1475 in Constantinople at a place called Kiva Han. Following its success more coffee houses sprang up, serving hot coffee beverages with a side of gossip or politics. The coffee club was born.Popularity of the beverage among the common folk didnt reach any significance until the Americans came along. The reason for this was that most workers were just too busy to sit around sipping their favourite coffee brew while discussing the great discoveries of the Age of Reason. However once the general population were introduced to the new hot beverage the custom spread like wild fire. This event saw methods of mass production develop which fortunately made coffee more affordable. Now nearly everyone could afford a daily indulgence.Instant coffee became popular during the World Wars even though it had been developed much earlier. Initially the unrefined method of boiling the coffee down until the oils solidified out, left it with a burnt and rancid taste which put most people off. It wasnt unit a new method for extracting the oils was developed that the instant variety of coffee which is fairly similar to what we have now became a popular choice.This is just a small glimpse of the history of how the coffee beverage has travelled around the world to where you are now.

Cabernet Sauvignon - pride of California wine fraternity

Cabernet Sauvignon - pride of California wine fraternity

Cabernet Sauvignon is a very popular type of red grape. It is widely used for wine production around the world. It shares the top position with Chardonnay which is a green skinned grape species. Cabernet Sauvignon is widely cultivated in almost every wine-producing regions of the world. This grape variety needs a lengthy growing season to be ripened properly but the major shortcoming of this particular grape is - it yields very low.The Cabernet Sauvignon berries have very tough skin which guards it from different diseases and wastage and provides it power to put up with the autumn rains. Due to these particular properties and excellent aroma, Cabernet Sauvignon has become world wide popular.The best growing places for Cabernet Sauvignon are in semi-arid regions, accommodating a lengthy-growing season with well-drained and not-high-fertile soils and with moderately warm climate. The best examples of Cabernet Sauvignon producing areas are Sonoma Country's Alexander Valley, wide areas of Napa Valley and Paso Robles area of Central Coast.Like any other imperial wine grape categories, Cabernet Sauvignon is also of the Vitis vinifera species. According to the genetic science, it is the resultant effect of a cross between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc.This particular grape is used in almost every Bordeaux wines. Numerous red wines are compiled with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, such as Red Bordeaux which is considered as world greatest red wine.Cabernet Sauvignon acquired the top place in America's popular red wines chart in early-60s. It snatched the first place from "burgundy" and till now it is the "numero uno" of American wine lover's list.The Cabernet Sauvignon grape has thick skin which results high tannin in wine. This gives the wines structure and ageability. This property with frequent aroma and a lucrative finish also tends to lack mid-palate richness and it is often mingled with less tannin, but "pulpy" taste grapes; such as Merlot and Shiraz or Syrah which are found especially in Australia.Cabernet Sauvignon deals with a wide range of aromas and flavours. This aims to the floral aspect when it not totally rips with capsicum, but when it rips - it biases to the flavour of blackcurrant. In California and Chilean cabernet, the flavours of mint or eucalyptus are found. It has a nice aroma. In the old wines it was characterised with black current, violets and spice smells. In the new world wines the flavours of chocolate, ripe jammy berries, oak are also found in addition to that old days flavours. Cabernet Sauvignon tastes lively in the mouth and is full of richness, but it is little bit acidic.

Learn To Purchase Wine Online Easily

Learn To Purchase Wine Online Easily

Creating the perfect mix between wine and food can be a challenge if you're not entirely sure what you're doing. With such an array of wine and food available there are always many options to consider. When planning a dinner, choose combinations that are popular with a wide range of people. You should always ensure that the wine doesn't overpower the dish, and you also need to avoid flavor transferring. This occurs when a flavor is passed from the wine to a meal, as it can result in an unpleasant taste. Learn the art of Wine Tasting Buying wine online is steadily gaining popularity as everything else on the internet. The internet offers a convenient means to order wine from the comforts of home. However, due to the nature of wine, there are issues you must consider when purchasing wine online. This is especially true if you are new to purchasing anything online. 1. Legal issues. Some states will require you to provide identification as to whether you are of legal age. Some states prohibit the delivery of wine products across different states. Also make sure you read the purchase agreements between you and the online store. Don't hesitate to ask questions or make your expectations known. Most online stores have support e-addresses to contact in this case. Make sure the seller has a return guarantee on bad wine. 2. Reliability of the online store. Most people, when new to purchasing online, are tentative regarding online payments and orders. For added security, you should make follow up confirmations through phone and fax. If the company you are purchasing wine from doesn't have numbers regarding such, skip that company and look for others that do. The reason for this is not just to calm your nerves regarding online purchases, but also to promote good business habits. You never know if there has been any technical or clerical errors regarding your order. You may alternately contact business bureaus and similar organizations within your state to make sure that the company you are dealing with is legitimate and in good standing. 3. Shipping. Shipping may add a significant amount to your purchase so make sure you consider the shipping costs of each delivery. If your online store doesn't mention the price of the shipping, it would be wise for you to find out. 4. Look at auctions. When you get comfortable with the ins and outs of online purchasing and feel sufficiently secure in you dealing and buying skills, you may want to look at online wine auctions and sales. Although they pose a significant risk to buyers (as do all auctions), they present the greatest chance for you to purchase vintage wines at affordable costs. When doing so, you will have to increase your care ten-fold. However, the payoff for such activities is so big; you might just about find yourself stalking the internet for such deals. The internet is fast becoming the next supermarket. Although it pays to ease into it gently, it remains the trend of the future, so why not jump in now? White Wine: When creating a wine and food combination, Chardonnay is best complimented with Veal, Salmon, grilled cheese and white sauce. You should avoid spicy foods with this drink. Gewurztraminer is ideal when matched with Pork, Chinese foods and Swiss cheese but must be avoided with light foods. Pinot Grigio is not an ideal option for Tomatoes and spicy food as this combination may create a rather unpleasant taste. Riesling is a very dry wine and perfect when teamed with Veal, Shrimp, cream sauces and Turkey. Sweet food should be avoided with Riesling and Sancerre however.

How To Make A Great Espresso

How To Make A Great Espresso

As with all baristas, I have my own method of making a great espresso. To start with the water must be fresh. Water can be affected by poor cleaning habits, mildew or filtering issues. It has to be the correct temperature, which is around 203F (95C)For the best quality coffee, I recommend Arabica which is produced in Bogota, Brazil or wherever it can be grown 3000ft above sea level. You can use Robusta as a last resort but it is less flavorful and has more caffeine. Whether you buy it roasted or you roast it your self, it must have that fresh smell when you open the container a few days after.Use a burr to grind your coffee not a blade grinder. Blade grinders chop the beans whereas the burr grinders have triangular teeth on two plates that grind the beans between them. How fine the beans are ground depends on the distance between the two plates. A sand grain is perfect but a powder is too fine and gravel too coarse. Make sure to minimize the coffees exposure because it absorbs any odor that happens to be in the air.You will need a good machine. A good espresso machine generates heat using a boiler or a thermablock and can pump pressure of 9 bar or higher. The thermablock works by heating the water on its way to the pump, cheaper units rely on steam to create pressure.The processFirst, warm the machine by running fresh water through it with no coffee added. This would also flush out the system. Next add your coffee and pat it down. The process is similar to packing a pipe, make sure it still has some spring without scattering the coffee grounds. Place the hopper firmly into the machine and put out your cup. Five seconds after the machine has started you should have coffee pouring into the espresso cup. For a double shot it would take twenty seconds.To make a cappuccino, heat half a cup of organic milk in the microwave until warm, froth it and add to the espresso. Try nutmeg, cinnamon or chocolate for variety. If you like your coffee sweet, add organic sugar to taste.And there you have a good cup of coffee. If you start with great quality ingredients and a clean machine, the coffee is easy enough to make.

Blue Mountain Coffee – The Taste Of Jamaica

Coffee beans get their flavor from the climate where they are grown. The Blue Mountains in Jamaica offer some of the finest coffee beans ever found. The Blue Mountains are named for the blue mist that hovers over the mountains at all times. Located on the beautiful island of Jamaica, these mountains offer the perfect climate for growing fantastic coffee beans. This lush, tropical region benefits from plenty of rainfall, giving the soil the rich quality needed for growing the gourmet Blue Mountain coffee.The beautiful Blue Mountains stand at almost 7,500 feet above the sea and make a stunning backdrop for the pristine white beaches These mountains house over 194,000 acres which are protected as part of the rain forests. There are many different species of birds and plants which can only be found in these mountains.Blue Mountain coffee beans were originally brought to the Jamaican Islands by Sir Nicholas Lawes who hoped the climate would prove productive for these special beans. Since 1728 these beans have continued to produce extremely well and today coffee is the biggest export of these islands. Blue Mountain coffee is one of the most sought after coffees in the world and Japan imports a large part of this coffee.Blue Mountain coffee offers a bold, rich taste which is also smooth and sweet. It is grown on small farms instead of being mass produced. Often it is difficult to obtain because of the high demand for the succulent flavor which can only be found in the Jamaican mountain ranges. It is often referred to as the champagne of coffees because of its bold, rich taste. It is also one of the most expensive coffees in the world.The Threat to Blue Mountain Coffee’s ExistenceBlue Mountain coffee is closely monitored by local Jamaican officials to insure the supreme quality associated with its name. These officials grade the quality of the coffee bean before they place it in specific categories. There is close regulation with strict rules which must be met before the coffee bean is offered for sale. Recent climate changes have posed a threat to Jamaica’s most precious resource. Hurricane Ivan posed a real threat to not only the coffee industry, but the islands themselves. Ivan is just one of a long line of hurricanes which have threatened the islands over the span of only a few years. In 1988 Hurricane Gilbert caused considerable damage to the coffee crop which resulted in a drastic price increase. Each time the island sustains a hit it takes longer for them to rebound which in turn makes the Blue Mountain coffee almost as precious as gold.

The Diabetic Food Exchange List: Helping You Eat Well

Diet is one of the most important components of a diabetes care and maintenance regimen. Using the diabetic food exchange list is an excellent way to ensure a healthy meal each time. It also helps expand your choices when preparing or choosing a menu.What is the Diabetic Food Exchange List?The "diabetic food exchange list" is a system that makes up the structure of your personal diabetes meal plan. It is quite useful especially if you're looking for variety in your diet without sacrificing the necessary elements that are required for your condition. This way, you can take a look at several types of foods available and then decide which ones to use for a particular meal without worrying you might be using the wrong type of food or food combination.How Does It Work?In the diabetic food exchange list, foods are grouped into several basic types - fruits, dairy and dairy products, starches, meat and meat substitutes, sugars, et cetera. The exchange list will tell you how much of each food in each group you can eat while maintaining your daily recommended calories because calorie information is included with each food portion.Each food on the exchange list is called an "exchange" and the system will guide you in determining which foods equal 1 exchange. It's easy to substitute one food for the other because the exchange list will indicate which foods have the same nutrients, carbohydrate and calorie content. If you swap a certain food with another, you get the same nutrients provided you follow the recommended portion control.The diabetic food exchange list will help you measure food, regardless of which group it belongs to. This means you won't need the assistance of a nutritionist or dietitian every step along the way. Long-term use of the exchange list will train you into knowing how to make good estimates of the ideal serving size of any food that may be available to you at any given moment. Whichever you pick, you will get the same nutrients. Here's an example:VegetablesAlmost all vegetables may be included in the diabetic food exchange list. One exchange is about half a cup of cooked or raw vegetables which contains carbohydrates and protein. When used with salad dressing, however, add 1 fat exchange.CarbohydratesCarbohydrates are an important component of any diabetic diet because they are your body's major source of energy. Approximately half of your daily calorie intake should come from this food group. Any of these foods may be exchanged or swapped, depending on your needs or preference:1/2 hot dog or hamburger bun or 1 slice of bread1/3 cup of cooked pasta or a single 5-inch pancake.3/4 cup cereals (unsweetened) or cup cooked oatmeal or grits1 tortilla or 6 small saltine crackers or 15 pcs. of fat free corn chips1/4 bagel or 1/2 pita breadFruitsFruits can be an excellent source of fiber, water and natural sugar. The fruits listed below contain about 60 calories each with nearly zero fat.1/4 cup water melon or 1/3 small cantaloupe or 1/2 cup berries1/2 cup orange/grapefruit juice or 1/2 cup of pineapple or apple juice or 1/3 cup grape juice1/2 banana or 1 small appleMeatsMeats are an important source of protein. Choose only lean meats and skinless portions for poultry. High-fat meats can increase your cholesterol level.1 oz. tuna or 1 egg or 2 egg whites1 oz. ground beef or 1 oz. of low fat cheese or cottage cheese1 oz. of fish or 1 oz. of dark meat poultry (skinless)1 oz. lean pork or 1 oz. lean beefMilk and Milk Products2/3 cup of fat free yogurt or 3/4 cup of yogurt sourced from 2% milk1 cup nonfat or skim milk or 1 cup 1% milk (2% milk will also do)SweetsThe foods listed below are a good source of both carbohydrates and fats but they can also be great for your dessert in case you have the craving.1/3 cup low fat frozen yogurt or 1/2 cup ice cream1 2-inch square brownie or 2 small cookies or 1 granola barMore Details On The Diabetic Food Exchange ListThere are listings of food exchange lists available on sites such as diabetes.org for free but if you want a more comprehensive exchange list, you can also opt to buy them. Simply log on to the sites and order your own diabetic food exchange list online.

Summary

Have you ever really thought about what goes into a good cup of coffee? If you are anything like me you probably havent, for the simply reason you are too engrossed unwinding and enjoying the rich aroma and taste to bother with any of the technical side of the brew. The deepest I have ever gone when I have a cup of the rich umber beverage in my hand is to let my mind drift off with the floating steam.The information on the wrapper might tell you a bit about the beans you...